ARTICLE: Mitochondrial CaMKII causes adverse metabolic reprogramming and dilated cardiomyopathy

AUTHORS: Elizabeth D. Luczak, Yuejin Wu, Jonathan M. Granger, Mei-ling A. Joiner, Nicholas R. Wilson, Ashish Gupta, Priya Umapathi, Kevin R. Murphy, Oscar E. Reyes Gaido, Amin Sabet, Eleonora Corradini, Wen-Wei Tseng, Yibin Wang, Albert J. R. Heck, An-Chi Wei, Robert G. Weiss & Mark E. Anderson

JOURNAL: Nat Commun. 2020 Sep; 11:4416

Abstract

Despite the clear association between myocardial injury, heart failure and depressed myocardial energetics, little is known about upstream signals responsible for remodeling myocardial metabolism after pathological stress. Here, we report increased mitochondrial calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII) activation and left ventricular dilation in mice one week after myocardial infarction (MI) surgery. By contrast, mice with genetic mitochondrial CaMKII inhibition are protected from left ventricular dilation and dysfunction after MI. Mice with myocardial and mitochondrial CaMKII overexpression (mtCaMKII) have severe dilated cardiomyopathy and decreased ATP that causes elevated cytoplasmic resting (diastolic) Ca2+ concentration and reduced mechanical performance. We map a metabolic pathway that rescues disease phenotypes in mtCaMKII mice, providing insights into physiological and pathological metabolic consequences of CaMKII signaling in mitochondria. Our findings suggest myocardial dilation, a disease phenotype lacking specific therapies, can be prevented by targeted replacement of mitochondrial creatine kinase or mitochondrial-targeted CaMKII inhibition.

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