Article of the Week

Ten Recommendations to Enhance Recruitment, Retention and Career Advancement of Women Cardiologists

Ten Recommendations to Enhance Recruitment, Retention and Career Advancement of Women Cardiologists

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ARTICLE: Ten Recommendations to Enhance Recruitment, Retention and Career Advancement of Women Cardiologists AUTHORS: Garima Sharma, Amy A. Sarma, Mary Norine Walsh, Sharonne N. Hayes, Sheila Sahni, Sherry-Ann Brown, Toniya Singh, Robert A. Harrington, Pamela S. Douglas, Claire S. Duvernoy and for the American College of Cardiology Women in Cardiology Leadership Council and Diversity and Inclusion Task Force JOURNAL: JACC. 2019 Oct; 74(14). DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.08.016 Women are(...)

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Patient Perceptions of Diabetes Guideline Frameworks for Individualizing Glycemic Targets

Patient Perceptions of Diabetes Guideline Frameworks for Individualizing Glycemic Targets

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ARTICLE: Patient Perceptions of Diabetes Guideline Frameworks for Individualizing Glycemic Targets AUTHORS: Nancy L. Schoenborn, Norah L. Crossnohere, John F. P. Bridges, Craig E. Pollack, Scott J. Pilla and Cynthia M. Boyd JOURNAL: JAMA Intern Med. 2019 Sep 16. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.3806. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract IMPORTANCE: Diabetes guidelines recommend considering specific factors, such as diabetes duration and life(...)

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Leptin Induces Hypertension Acting on Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 7 Channel in the Carotid Body

Leptin Induces Hypertension Acting on Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 7 Channel in the Carotid Body

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ARTICLE: Leptin Induces Hypertension Acting on Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 7 Channel in the Carotid Body AUTHORS: Mi-Kyung Shin, Candela Caballero-Eraso, Yun-Ping Mu, Chenjuan Gu, Bonnie HY Hyeung, Lenise J Kim, Xiao-Ru Liu, Zhi-Juan Wu, Omkar Paudel, Luis E Pichard, Machiko Shirahata, Wan-Yee Tang, James S.K Sham, and Vsevolod Y Polotsky JOURNAL: Circ Res. 2019 Sep 23.(...)

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Therapeutic Inertia in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Therapeutic Inertia in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

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ARTICLE: Therapeutic Inertia in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention AUTHORS: Dave L. Dixon, Garima Sharma, Pratik B. Sandesara, Eugene Yang, Lynne T. Braun, George A. Mensah, Laurence S. Sperling, Prakash C. Deedwania and Salim S. Virani JOURNAL: JACC. 2019 Oct;74(13). Doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.08.014 The decline in cardiovascular (CV) mortality over the last 50 years can be largely attributed to advance in preventive care (1). Despite these improvements, atherosclerotic cardiovascular(...)

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A Professional Standard for Informed Consent for Stem Cell Therapies

A Professional Standard for Informed Consent for Stem Cell Therapies

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ARTICLE: A Professional Standard for Informed Consent for Stem Cell Therapies AUTHORS: Jeremy Sugarman, Roger A. Barker, R. Alta Charo JOURNAL: JAMA. 2019 Aug 12. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.11290. [Epub ahead of print] In November 2018, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a press release that stated: “The potential health benefits of regenerative medicine have spurred major progress in stem-cell(...)

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Realizing shared decision-making in practice

Realizing shared decision-making in practice

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ARTICLE: Realizing shared decision-making in practice AUTHORS: Mary Catherine Beach and Jeremy Sugarman JOURNAL: JAMA. 2019 Jul 25. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.9797. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract Shared decision-making (SDM) is integral to clinical practice. In medical training, clinicians are encouraged to engage patients in SDM so that clinical care is consistent with patients’ values and preferences. Professional(...)

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Plasma deconvolution identifies broadly neutralizing antibodies associated with hepatitis C virus clearance

Plasma deconvolution identifies broadly neutralizing antibodies associated with hepatitis C virus clearance

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ARTICLE: Plasma deconvolution identifies broadly neutralizing antibodies associated with hepatitis C virus clearance AUTHORS: Valerie J. Kinchen, Guido Massaccesi, Andrew I. Flyak, Madeleine C. Mankowski, Michelle D. Colbert, William O. Osburn, Stuart C. Ray, Andrea L. Cox, James E. Crowe Jr., and Justin R. Bailey JOURNAL: J Clin Invest. 2019 Aug 13;130. pii: 130720. doi: 10.1172/JCI130720. Abstract A vaccine for hepatitis C virus (HCV) is urgently needed. Development of broadly-neutralizing plasma antibodies during(...)

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Warm Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

Warm Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

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ARTICLE: Warm Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia AUTHORS: Robert A. Brodsky JOURNAL: N Engl J Med. 2019 Aug 15;381(7):647-654. doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1900554. A 61-year-old woman presents to the emergency department reporting fatigue, increasing dyspnea, and dark urine. The respiratory rate is 30 breaths per minute, the pulse 116 beats per minute, and the oxygen saturation 90% while she is(...)

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Effects of the DASH Diet and Sodium Intake on Bloating: Results From the DASH-Sodium Trial

Effects of the DASH Diet and Sodium Intake on Bloating: Results From the DASH-Sodium Trial

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ARTICLE: Effects of the DASH Diet and Sodium Intake on Bloating: Results From the DASH-Sodium Trial AUTHORS: Allison W. Peng, Stephen P. Juraschek, Lawrence J. Appel, Edgar R. Miller III and Noel T. Mueller JOURNAL: Am J Gastroenterol. 2019 Jul;114(7):1109-1115. doi: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000000283. Abstract INTRODUCTION: Bloating is one of the most common gastrointestinal complaints. Evidence has linked(...)

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Cigarette Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and Long-Term Risk of 3 Major Atherosclerotic Diseases

Cigarette Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and Long-Term Risk of 3 Major Atherosclerotic Diseases

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ARTICLE: Cigarette Smoking, Smoking Cessation, and Long-Term Risk of 3 Major Atherosclerotic Diseases AUTHORS: Ning Ding, Yingying Sang, Jingsha Chen, Shoshana H. Ballew, Corey A. Kalbaugh, Maya J. Salameh, Michael J. Blaha, Matthew Allison, Gerardo Heiss, Elizabeth Selvin, Josef Coresh and Kunihiro Matsushita JOURNAL: J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019 Jul 30;74(4):498-507. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.05.049. Abstract BACKGROUND: Public statements about the effect of smoking on cardiovascular disease are predominantly based on investigations(...)

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