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Medicine Matters Home Article of the Week Establishing baseline framework for hepatitis B virus micro-elimination in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – A community-based seroprevalence study

Establishing baseline framework for hepatitis B virus micro-elimination in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – A community-based seroprevalence study

ARTICLE: Establishing baseline framework for hepatitis B virus micro-elimination in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam – A community-based seroprevalence study

AUTHORS: Trang N.D. Pham, Duc H. Le, Diem V.B. Dao, Loc T.B.Phan, T.T.Pham, Toan B. Nguyen, Gary W. Mize, Robert G. Gish, William M.Lee, Amy Trang, Anh N. Le, Moon Chen Jr., Hai T. Phan, Binh T. Nguyen, Hong K.Tang, Doan Y. Dao

JOURNAL: Lancet Reg Health West Pac. 2022 Oct 29; doi: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2022.100620

Abstract

Background: We conducted a community-based seroprevalence study using three HBV seromarkers (HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HBc) in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam, to (1) determine the prevalence of HBV serologic profiles; (2) document factors associated with HBV infection or susceptibility; and (3) propose strategies toward HBV elimination by 2030.

Methods: During 2019–2020, we deployed a multistage cluster design with probability proportionate to size, to recruit 20,000 adults for an HBV screening and linkage to care program citywide. Screening results with interpretation, recommendations, and health education materials were returned to participants. Post-study surveys were conducted within three months to identify gaps in linkage to care.

Findings: Of the 17,600 adults invited, 15,275 (86.7%) participated in the study, 14,674 (96.1%) completing all data for final analyses. The prevalence of HBsAg (+) and HBV-naïve were 7.5% and 37.7%, respectively. HBV vaccination rates were 18.7% and about 50% of HCMC population had been exposed to HBV. Of the persons with HBsAg (+), 27.1% linked to care (76% used health insurance). There were wide variations in HBsAg (+) and HBV vaccination rates between districts, risk factors, and socio-economic statuses.

Interpretation: The significant disease burden of and gaps in the continuum of care highlight the need and urgency to address the HBV public health problem in Vietnam. Using three screening seromarkers that tailor interventions to the needs of HBV micro-populations could be an effective strategy to pursue HBV elimination goals.

Funding: Gilead Sciences Inc; Roche Diagnostic International Ltd; Roche Diagnostics-Vietnam; Abbott Diagnostics-Vietnam; Hepatitis B Foundation; Medic MedicalCenter, Vietnam; Center of Excellence for Liver Disease in Vietnam, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

For the full article, click here.

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Kelsey Bennett

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