ARTICLE: Healthcare utilization differences between an apixaban-based and warfarin-based strategy for acute venous thromboembolism in patients with end-stage kidney disease
AUTHORS: Shirin Ardeshirrouhanifard, Michael I Ellenbogen, Jodi B Segal, Michael B Streiff, Steven B Deitelzweig, Daniel J Brotman
JOURNAL: Thromb Res. 2023 Jan;221:45-50. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2022.11.020. Epub 2022 Nov 29.
Introduction: Evidence suggests that an apixaban-based strategy to treat acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) may be safer than a warfarin-based strategy. Apixaban has an additional advantage of not requiring bridging with heparin which often necessitates long hospitalizations for patients with ESKD. We sought to determine if an apixaban-based strategy is associated with less healthcare utilization than a warfarin-based strategy.
Material and methods: We employed a new-user, active-comparator retrospective cohort study using inverse probability of treatment weights (IPTW) to adjust for confounding demographic and clinical variables. Patients with ESKD newly initiated on either apixaban or warfarin for an acute VTE between 2014 and 2018 in the United States Renal Data System were included. Outcomes were presence of index hospitalization, length of index hospitalization, total hospital days, total hospital days excluding index hospitalization, total emergency department (ED) visits that did not result in hospitalization, and total skilled nursing facility days.
Results: At six months, patients who received apixaban were less likely to have an index hospitalization, had a shorter index hospitalization (median of 4.0 vs 8.0 days, p < 0.001), and had fewer total hospital days. The IPTW and index year-adjusted incidence rate ratios of total hospital days at one, three, and six months were 0.83 (95 % confidence intervals (CI) 0.79-0.86), 0.84 (95 % CI 0.81-0.88), and 0.88 (95 % CI 0.83-0.92) for apixaban compared to warfarin.
Conclusion: Among patients with ESKD and VTE, resource utilization for an apixaban-based strategy appears to be lower than for a warfarin-based strategy.
Keywords: Anticoagulation; End-stage kidney disease; Hospital utilization; Length of stay; Venous thromboembolism.
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